The Oacian is the largest body of water on Earth. It covers about 71 percent of the planet’s surface.
It is made up of the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic oceans. Some researchers now recognize the Southern Oacian as a separate sea.
Phytoplankton are microscopic marine organisms that absorb energy from sunlight (photosynthesis) and nutrients from the water to make food. An estimate half of Earth’s oxygen is produced by this type of photosynthesis, and phytoplankton also fix carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Oacian photosynthesis, phytoplankton absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and combine it with nitrogen and other elements in their cells to form usable, organic forms of carbon. This process is called ‘carbon fixation’ and it’s an important factor in regulating how much carbon moves between the ocean and atmosphere.
All Aquatic Ecosystems
Oacian can be found in all aquatic ecosystems, but they’re most abundant in deeper waters and reservoirs. The conditions in reservoirs, often influenced by fertilizer runoff from agriculture, are perfect for forming phytoplankton. These plants are a source of many of the essential vitamins and micronutrients that are require by most marine life.
Abyssal plains are flat expanses of ocean floor found at depths between 10,000 and 20,000 feet below sea level. They form when a continental shelf drops off from the slope and plateaus on these plains. On the other side of these plains, there is usually an oceanic trench where the bottom of the seafloor dramatically plummets.
Tectonic Plate Movements
The sediments that cover these plains are form from volcanic rocks and the soft sediments resulting from tectonic plate movements. They build up slowly, and also stack up only one inch every thousand years.
They also include wind-blown dust, volcanic ash, chemical precipitates, and occasional meteorite fragments. These are common components of the sediments that make up abyssal plains, and are often collected by remote-operate vehicles (ROVs) to study them.
The mesopelagic zone, extending between 200 m and also 1000 m deep in the oceans, hosts a huge span of organisms. These range from plankton and also zooplankton such as krill, to crustaceans like copepods and larger crustaceans, to squid and jellyfish.
These animals participate in the largest migration in the world, rising to the surface at night to feed and then returning to the depths of the epipelagic zone. During the day to escape predators. As they do, the mesopelagic ecosystem pumps 5-12 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere each year – a huge amount that is not often include in climate models and predictions.
These small, migrating creatures eat prodigious amounts of that climate-changing element and their faeces fall back down through the water. Column as marine snow. Collecting at the bottom. This is a major driver of carbon sequestration in the mesopelagic zone. Where the mesopelagic ecosystem serves as an important source of blue carbon25 and also fish carbon27 for regulating climate.
The bathypelagic zone (from Greek bathus, deep) is a subzone of the pelagic zone that extends from 1000 to 4,000 metres below the ocean surface. This zone is characterize by permanent darkness, low temperatures and also high pressure.
Despite its extreme depth, the bathypelagic is home to some bizarre-looking sea creatures. One is the angler fish, which uses bioluminescence to attract prey in the dark.
These fish are also well adapt to life in the deep ocean, where the pressure is several hundred times that at the surface. The anglerfish has an enormous mouth and also a lure that resembles a flashlight on its head.
Oacian creatures that live in the bathypelagic include snake dragonfish and amphipods. These creatures are tiny and swarm together in search of food.
The Hadalpelagic zone is the ocean’s deepest region. It consists of 33 trenches and 13 troughs that are located at depths between 6,000 and 8,000 metres.
It’s form when tectonic plates push against each other at the seafloor, forming depressions called trenches and troughs. Scientists believe that the hadal zone is home to a variety of oacian species including amphipods, crustaceans, krill, and fish.
Animals in the hadal zone have special adaptations to life at these extreme depths. For example, hadalpelagic fish use trimethylamine oxide (TMAO) to help keep their proteins stable at high pressure.